The Levitical Priesthood was instituted because of the sin of the golden calf, it was brought into existence to administer the book of the Law because the Covenant had been broken Hebrews 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation. We read in Ezekiel 20:25-26 Wherefore I gave them also statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live; and I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through the fire all that openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, to the end that they might know that I am the LORD. We can also see all the way back in the book Genesis how God knew how these two priesthoods would interact with man Genesis 14:19-20 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all. The Levitical Priesthood submitted through Abraham to the authority to the heavenly Melchizedek Priesthood Hebrews 7:9-10 and as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes “IN” Abraham. For he was yet in the loins of his father when Melchisedec met him.
Up until this time it was the firstborn that were the priests of the household now God changes that as we read in Numbers 3:12 and I, behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be mine;
The Levitical Priesthood is also mentioned in as they are setting up the Tabernacle in the wilderness Moses also is told by God to anoint Aaron and his sons Exodus 40:13-15 and thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office. And thou shalt bring his sons, and clothe them with coats: And thou shalt anoint them, as thou didst anoint their father, that they may minister unto me in the priest’s office: for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations. We also read in Numbers 8:16-19 For they are wholly given unto me from among the children of Israel; instead of such as open every womb, even instead of the firstborn of all the children of Israel, have I taken them unto me. For all the firstborn of the children of Israel are mine, both man and beast: on the day that I smote every firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them for myself. And I have taken the Levites for all the firstborn of the children of Israel. And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make an atonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come nigh unto the sanctuary.
You begin to realize from that the Levitical Priesthood is not so much instituted to punish Israel, even though they did this to themselves, it was instituted to protect them until the Messiah Jesus would come.
Learning about the Levitical Priesthood is very important, it’s the training program that God uses to teach about the Spiritual realm, learning about what pleases God and what does not. in our study’s Gods Word will confirm itself instructing the soul, Learning to get closer to the Lord.